Thorsten Grünheid

Thorsten Gruenheid

Thorsten Grünheid, D.D.S., Dr. med. dent., Ph.D.

Academic Title

Assistant Professor
Division of Orthodontics
Department of Developmental and Surgical Sciences


Orthodontics, Certificate, University of Mainz (Germany), 2002
Dentistry, Ph.D., University of Amsterdam (Netherlands), 2010
Other Education
Dentistry, Dr. med. dent., University of Mainz (Germany), 1998
Doctor of Dental Surgery (DDS), University of Mainz (Germany), 1997

Contact Info

Office Address

6-324 Moos Tower
515 Delaware St. SE
Minneapolis, MN 55455

Bio Statement

Dr. Grünheid received his dental degree from the University of Mainz, Germany. After practicing general dentistry for a year, he then completed a three-year orthodontic specialty residency and, upon graduation as a specialist, joined the faculty in the Department of Orthodontics at the University of Mainz. He was on faculty in the Department of Orthodontics at the University of Amsterdam, the Netherlands, before joining the faculty in the Division of Orthodontics at the University of Minnesota.

Dr. Grünheid is committed to excellence and is proud to contribute to education and scientific advancement in the field of orthodontics. He is a published author, has served as a reviewer for several scientific journals, and has lectured nationally and internationally on a variety of topics in orthodontics and oral biology.

Research Interests

New technologies in orthodontics

Orthodontic bracket bonding and prevention of white spot lesions

Structure-function relationship of muscular and osseous systems in the craniofacial area


Grünheid T, Sudit GN, Larson BE. Debonding and adhesive remnant cleanup: an in vitro comparison of bond quality, adhesive remnant cleanup, and orthodontic acceptance of a “flash-free” product. Eur J Orthod, doi. 10.1093/ejo/cju080, published online 12/29/2014.

Hamdan HA, Grünheid T, Larson BE. Effect of orthodontic treatment with preadjusted edgewise appliances on the buccolingual inclination of mandibular canines: a CBCT study. Orthod Craniofac Res, doi. 10.1111/ocr.12092, published online 03/30/2015.

Grünheid T, McCarthy SD, Larson BE. Clinical use of a direct chairside oral scanner: an assessment of accuracy, time, and patient acceptance. Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop 2014; 146: 673–682.

Grünheid T, Larson BE. Repeated bracket bonding: conventional or self-etching primers? JWFO 2014; 3: 102–105.

Grünheid T, Patel N, De Felippe NL, Wey A, Gaillard PR, Larson BE. Accuracy, reproducibility, and time efficiency of dental measurements using different technologies. Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop 2014; 145: 157–164.

Grünheid T. The effect of reduced dietary consistency on the fiber properties of rabbit jaw muscles. In: Rabbits: Biology, Diet and Eating Habits and Disorders. Editors: Gianni Adamo and Albert Costanza. Nova Science Publishers, Hauppauge NY, 2013. ISBN: 978-1-62948-268-2.

Larson BE, Vaubel CJ, Grünheid T. Effectiveness of computer-assisted orthodontic treatment technology to achieve predicted outcomes. Angle Orthod 2013; 83: 557–562.

Grünheid T, Hollevoet DA, Miller JR, Larson BE. Visual scan behavior of new and experienced clinicians assessing panoramic radiographs. JWFO 2013; 2: e3–e7.

Grünheid T, Kolbeck Schieck JR, Pliska BT, Ahmad M, Larson BE. Dosimetry of a cone-beam computed tomography machine as compared to a digital X-ray machine in orthodontic imaging. Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop 2012; 141: 436–443.

Grünheid T, Langenbach GEJ, Brugman P, Everts V, Zentner A. The masticatory system under varying functional load. Part 2: Effect of reduced masticatory load on the degree and distribution of mineralization in the rabbit mandible. Eur J Orthod 2011; 33: 365–371.

Vreeke M, Langenbach GEJ, Korfage JAM, Zentner A, Grünheid T. The masticatory system under varying functional load. Part 1: Structural adaptation of rabbit jaw muscles to reduced masticatory load. Eur J Orthod 2011; 33: 359–364.

Willems NMBK, Mulder L, Bank RA, Grünheid T, den Toonder JMJ, Zentner A, Langenbach GEJ. Determination of the relationship between collagen cross-links and the bone-tissue stiffness in the porcine mandibular condyle. J Biomech 2011; 44:1132–1136.

Grünheid T, Brugman P, Zentner A, Langenbach GEJ. Changes in rabbit jaw muscle activity parameters in response to reduced masticatory load. J Exp Biol 2010; 213: 775–781.

Willems NMBK, Langenbach GEJ, Everts V, Mulder L, Grünheid T, Bank RA, Zentner A, van Eijden TMGJ. Age-related changes in collagen properties and mineralization in cancellous and cortical bone in the porcine mandibular condyle. Calcif Tissue Int 2010;86:307–312.

Grünheid T, Langenbach GEJ, Korfage JAM, Zentner A, van Eijden TMGJ. The adaptive response of jaw muscles to varying functional demands. Eur J Orthod 2009;31:596–612.

Grünheid T, Morbach BA, Zentner A. Pulpal cellular reactions to experimental tooth movement in rats. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol Endod 2007;104:434−441.

Willems NMBK, Mulder L, Langenbach GEJ, Grünheid T, Zentner A, van Eijden TMGJ. Age-related changes in microarchitecture and mineralization of cancellous bone in the porcine mandibular condyle. J Structural Biol 2007;158:421−427.

Grünheid T, Langenbach GEJ, Zentner A, van Eijden TMGJ. Duty time of rabbit jaw muscles varies with the number of activity bursts. J Dent Res 2006;85:1112−1117.

Gabriel MO, Grünheid T, Zentner A. Glycosylation pattern and cell attachment-inhibiting property of human salivary mucins. J Periodontol 2005;76:1175−1181.

Grünheid T, Langenbach GEJ, Zentner A, van Eijden TMGJ. Circadian variation and intermuscular correlation of rabbit jaw muscle activity. Brain Res 2005;1062:151−160.

Grünheid T, Zentner A, Heaney TG. Cell kinetics of mechanically stimulated rat oral epithelia. Arch Oral Biol 2005;50:829−835.

Grünheid T, Zentner A. Extracellular matrix synthesis, proliferation and death in mechanically stimulated human gingival fibroblasts in vitro. Clin Oral Investig 2005;9:124−130.

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