About M.S. Degree program
The M.S. degree program in Dentistry is designed to prepare dentists and dental hygienists for leadership positions in dental and dental hygiene education, research, and program administration that will complement their areas of clinical expertise. The specific objectives of the program are to develop skills in:
- Designing and conducting research
- Administration of clinical and educational programs
- Advanced multidisciplinary clinical care
The program is housed in the School of Dentistry and taught by Dentistry’s multidisciplinary graduate faculty of dental educators, researchers, and clinicians. Core elements of the program include required courses in teaching and evaluation, research methods and biostatistics, and program administration. Additional advanced coursework may be taken in these focus areas, as well as selected areas of clinical and oral science that that are of multidisciplinary concern, including anatomy, conscious sedation, craniofacial pain, geriatrics, oral biology, oral medicine and radiology, oral pathology, physical diagnosis, practice administration, and psychology. Flexibility is encouraged in planning individualized programs that will accommodate students’ specific areas of interest, and courses from other disciplines may be included for credit in the major area.
Students are responsible for developing their program of education and professional growth in conjunction with the Dentistry graduate faculty. Selection of an advisor is of critical importance, since the student and advisor will jointly plan the student’s curriculum and thesis or other projects. New students will be under the general supervision of the Director of Graduate Studies or assigned a temporary advisor by the Director of Graduate Studies. Students will be expected to choose an advisor by the end of their first year in the graduate program and will be encouraged to familiarize themselves with the graduate faculty as soon as possible via seminars, tutorials, and informal contacts. Students may change advisors subsequently with the advice and consent of the Director of Graduate Studies.
The program will require a minimum of 18 months of study and may be completed as either Plan A (with thesis or) or Plan B (without thesis). Students in both plans must complete a minimum of 14 credits in the major, which includes credit for four core courses in dental education (Teaching and Evaluation in Dentistry); basic research methodology (Methods in Research and Writing); introductory biostatistics (Biostatistics I or equiv.); and fundamentals of health care administration (Principles of Management in Health Services Organizations). At the discretion of the student’s advisor and the Director of Graduate Studies, core course requirements may be waived upon demonstration of previous completion of equivalent course(s) at the University of Minnesota or elsewhere. All students must complete a related field or a minor option of at least 6 credits, as well as training in research ethics per Graduate School requirements. Potential related field offerings of likely interest to Dentistry Program students are listed in Appendix A, while potential minors of possible interest are listed in Appendix B. Courses for credit in the major may also be taken from other disciplines outside to the Dentistry Program with the approval of the student’s advisor and the Director of Graduate Studies.
Plan A Program
In addition to the requirements outlined above, students in the Plan A program will complete a research project under the supervision of the faculty, and write and successfully defend a thesis. The Graduate School requires that Plan A students register for at least 10 Master’s thesis credits (DENT 8777) before receiving the degree. A final oral examination is required. Students will be encouraged to submit their thesis in the form of one or more manuscripts or published papers for the scientific literature in keeping with current Graduate School policies.
Plan B Program
Plan B students will not complete a thesis, but take an additional 10 credits of coursework and submit three Plan B papers. Titles of the three Plan B papers should be submitted with the student’s program registration no later than the second semester of enrollment. Papers may consist of critical reviews of literature, comprehensive clinical case reports, or research papers. At least one of the three Plan B papers involve the reporting of research information conducted under the guidance of a faculty member. Research papers may be based on experimental work and discussions conducted as part of a tutorial experience arranged with the faculty. There is no specified format or length for Plan B papers. Their content and scope will be determined in consultation with the faculty supervising each paper. The student will defend the three Plan B papers via an oral examination.
Applicants must have received a D.D.S or D.M.D. degree from an accredited U.S. institution.. Students with comparable foreign degrees from recognized colleges or universities may also apply for admission. Applications from individuals who have already completed, or are enrolled in, an advanced clinical training program (e.g., general dentistry or specialty residency program) are encouraged. As per Graduate School Requirements, an undergraduate grade point average (GPA) of 3.0 is the preferred performance level for admission. Applicants for whom English is a second language must also take the Test of English as a Foreign Language (TOEFL). The preferred performance levels on the TOEFL are as follows:
Paper-Based Total Score: 600
Computer Based Total Score: 250
Internet Based Total Score: 80
The graduate program in Dentistry is designed for individuals who have a strong desire and capacity to prepare for careers in advanced clinical care, dental education, research, or program administration as evidenced by three letters of recommendation from individuals familiar with their academic capabilities. Also required is a brief essay (under 500 words) which relates the applicant’s career goals to the goals of the program. Applications will be received and reviewed throughout the year. Students may enter the program in any semester.
Commitment to Diversity
The M.S. Dentistry Program and the Graduate School embrace the University of Minnesota’s position that promoting and supporting diversity among the student body is central to the academic mission of the University. A diverse student body enriches graduate education by providing a multiplicity of views and perspectives that enhance research, teaching, and the development of new knowledge. A diverse mix of students promotes respect for, and opportunities to learn from other with the broad range of backgrounds and experiences that constituent modern society. Higher education trains the next generation of leaders of academia and society in general, and such opportunities for leadership should be accessible to all members of society. The M.S. Dentistry Program and the Graduate School are therefore committed to providing equal access to educational opportunities through recruitment, admission, and support programs that promote diversity, foster successful academic experiences, and cultivate the leaders of the next generation.
Evaluation of Student Progress
Minimum GPA Requirements
Students in the Dentistry Graduate Program must maintain a cumulative GPA of at least 3.0 and no more than 6 incomplete credits in order to remain in good standing within the program. This standard is higher then the minimum Graduate School requirements for M.S. candidates. A student who does not obtain a GPA of 3.0 in any one semester will be placed on academic probation for the following semester. Students who, for two consecutive semesters, have a cumulative GPA of less than 3.0 will be terminated from the program.
Students must also satisfy all Graduate School requirements for the M.S. degree as outlined in the Graduate School Bulletin.
Concurrent Residency and M.S. Studies
Students who are enrolled in an advanced clinical dental training program (general dentistry or specialty residency) may be admitted to the Dentistry graduate program for concurrent study. However, students must carefully plan their studies with their faculty advisor and the Director or Graduate Studies so that their residency and the M.S. programs can be integrated while accommodating University policies prohibiting simultaneous registration in two colleges. Up to 40 percent of the credits required for the M.S. degree program that are taken outside of the Graduate School from a recognized source may be transferred for credit at the discretion of the student’s advisor and the Director of Graduate Studies in accordance with Graduate School policies.
Semester-based Dentistry Courses*
Listed below are the core-required courses for the Dentistry M.S. Program, along with those interdisciplinary graduate level courses in the focus areas of teaching, administration, and clinical care that will be taught by program faculty. Additional related field courses are also included in Appendix A. Descriptions of these courses may be found in the Graduate School Bulletin or online at http://www.catalogs.umn.edu/courses.html under Twin Cities campus courses.
* Note: Course availability is subject to change and should be verified by students at least one semester in advance of planned registration.
Core Courses (required)
- Dent 7033 – Teaching and Evaluation in Dentistry (3 cr.) BebeauZ
- OBio 5001 – Methods in Research and Writing (2 cr.) Herzberg
- PubH 6751 – Principles of Management in Health Services Organizations (2 cr.) Begun, or PubH 6724 – The Health Care System and Public Health (3 cr) Blewett
- PubH 6414 – Biostatistical Methods I (3 cr.) or PubH 6450 Biostatistics I (4 cr.)
Dentistry program clinical electives
- Dent 7021 – Contemporary Diagnosis and Management of Orofacial Pain (1 credit) Bowles
- Dent 7031 – Advanced Seminar in Clinical Geriatric Dentistry (2 credit) Shuman
- Dent 7051 – Advanced Theory and Principles of Oral Medicine (2 credit) Rhodus
- Dent 7052 – Oral and Maxillofacial Radiologic Interpretation (2 credits) Ahmad
- Dent 7061, 7062 – Special Oral Pathology I and II (2 credits) Koutlas
- Dent 7101- Management Philosophy for Dental Practices (1 credit) Hinrichs
- Dent 7102 – Conscious Sedation (2 credits) Hinrichs
- Dent 7111 – Current Literature Review in Dentistry (2 credits) Schulte
- Dent 7112 – Treatment Planning Seminar (2 credits) Schulte
- Dent 7121 – Psychological Issues in Medical and Dental Patient Mgmt (1 cr.)
- Dent 7122 – Advanced Topics in TMD: Issues in Pain, Focus on Head and Neck (3 credits) Mulet
- Dent 7991 – Independent Study (1-4 credits) Staff
- Dent 8031 – Topics and Problems in Dental Education (credits arr.) Born
- Dent 8090 – Evidence-based Clinical Pediatric Dentistry (2 credits) Staff
- Dent 8091 – Interdisciplinary Care of the Cleft Palate Patient (1 credit) Anderson
- Dent 8100 – Topics in Advanced Periodontology: Literature Review (2 credits) Hinrichs
- Dent 8101 – Dental Implantology: A Multidisciplinary Approach (2 credits) Hinrichs
- Dent 8120 – Advanced Principles and Techniques of Orofacial Pain Disorders (3 credits)
- Dent 8121 – Current Literature in TMJ and Craniofacial Pain (1 credit)
- Dent 8123 – Advanced Topics in Orofacial Pain (3 credits)
- Dent 8333 – FTE: Advanced Master’s Status (1 credit)
- Dent 8777 – M.S. Thesis Credits (variable 1 – 18 credits)
Appendix A: Course Listing*
* Note: Course availability is subject to change and should be verified by students at least one semester in advance of planned registration
Required courses for the dentistry major
- Dent 7033 - Teaching and Evaluation in Dentistry (3 cr.)
- OBio 5001 - Methods in Research and Writing (2 cr.)
- PubH 6414 - Biostatistical Methods I (3 cr.); PubH 6450 Biostatistics I (4 cr.)1 or equivalent
- PubH 6751 - Principles of Management in Health Services Organizations (2 cr.) OR PubH 6724 - The Health Care System and Public Health (3 cr)
Examples of other courses counted for credit in the major
Focus Area Course
1. Education Dent 8031 - Topics and Problems in Dental Education (cr. arr.)
- Grad 8101 - Teaching in Higher Education (3 cr.)
- Grad 8150 - Practicum for Future Faculty (3 cr.)
- Grad 8200 - Professional Communication Skills (2 cr.)
- EPsy 5115 - Psychology of Adult Learning and Instruction (3 cr.)
- EPsy 5221 - Basic Principles of Educational Measurement (3 cr.)
2. Research Dent 8777 - Thesis Credits: Masters required, Plan A only (10 cr.)
- PubH 6301 - Fundamentals of Clinical Research (3 cr.)
- PubH 6320 - Fundamentals of Epidemiology - online course
- PubH 6341 - Epidemiologic Methods I (3 cr.)
- PubH 6342 - Epidemiologic Methods II (3 cr.)
- PubH 6415 - Biostatistical Methods II (3 cr.)
- PubH 6451- Biostatistics II (4 cr.)
- PubH 7420 - Clinical Trials (3 cr.)
3. Administration Dent 7101 - Management Philosophy for Dental Practices (1 cr.)
- PubH 6557 - Healthcare Finance I (3 cr.)
- PubH 6547 - Healthcare Human Resource Management (2 cr.)
- PubH 6556 - Health and Health Systems (2 cr.)
- PubH 6541 - Statistics for Health Management Decision Making (3 cr.)
- PubH 6568 - Intra-professional Teamwork in HC (2 cr.)
- PubH 6558 - Healthcare Finance II (3 cr.)
4. Clinical Sciences2
- Dent 7031 - Adv. Seminar in Clinical Geriatric Dentistry (1 cr.)
- Dent 7051 - Advanced Study in the Theory and Principles of Oral Medicine (2 cr.)
- Dent 7052 - Oral and Maxillofacial Radiologic Interpretation (2 cr.)
- Dent 7061 - Special Oral Pathology I (0 cr.)
- Dent 7062 - Special Oral Pathology II (4 cr.)3
- Dent 7101 - Management Philosophy for Dental Practices (1 cr.)
- Dent 7102 - Topics in Conscious Sedation (2 cr.)
- Dent 7111 - Current Literature Review in Dentistry (2 cr.)
- Dent 7112 - Treatment Planning Seminar (2cr.)
- Dent 7991 - Independent Study (1-4 cr.)
- Dent 8090 - Evidence-based Clinical Pediatric Dentistry (2 cr.)
- Dent 8091 - Interdisciplinary Care of Cleft Palate Patient (1 cr.)
- Dent 8100 - Topics in Advanced Periodontology (2 cr.)
- Dent 8101 - Dental Implantology: A Multidisc. Approach (2 cr.)
- Dent 8120 - Adv. Prin. & Tech. of TMJ/Craniofacial Pain (3 cr.)
- Dent 8121 - Current Lit. in TMJ & Craniofacial Pain (1 cr.)
- Dent 8123 - Advanced Topics in Orofacial Pain (3 cr.)
- Anat 7999 - Head & Neck Anat. for Med/Dent Residents (3 cr.)
- OBio 8011 - Oral Biology (2 cr.)
- OSur 5277 - Physical Diagnosis (2 cr.)
- Gero 5110 - Biology of Aging (3 cr.)
Training in the responsible conduct of research
All students are required to complete formal training in the responsible conduct of research as part of their graduate education. To fulfill this requirement, MS-Dentistry Students must complete the online Collaborative Institutional Training Initiative (CITI) course in Responsible Conduct of Research:
To supplement this course, graduate faculty and students are also encouraged to incorporate discussions of research ethics into their existing didactic courses, seminars, research projects, and advising wherever possible. The following bibliography of pertinent articles is offered to facilitate such discussions:
Bibliography - Ethics in Dental Research
- Bebeau MJ, Holt SC. Proceedings of a symposium, toward responsible research conduct: the role of scientific societies. J Dent Res 1996;75:823-24.
- Camenisch PF. The moral foundations of scientific ethics and responsibility. J Dent Res 1996;75:825-31.
- Bebeau MJ, Davis EL. Survey of ethical issues in dental research. J Dent Res 1996;75:845-55.
- Bersoff DN. Process and procedures for dealing with misconduct: a necessity or a nightmare? J Dent Res 1996;75:836-40.
- Bebeau MJ, Holt SC. The role of the AADR in promoting research integrity: perspectives and consensus statements. J Dent Res 1996;75:856-60.
- Bowen WH. Ethical use of animals. J Dent Res 1994;73:1773-77.
- Lynch A. Publication of research: the ethical dimension. J Dent Res 1994;73:1778-82.
Appendix B: Potential minor programs
Note: This list provides a few examples only. Students must consult with the Director of Graduate Studies for the Minor Field of interest to them to verify eligibility and specific requirements. If a Minor Field is selected, one examiner from that Minor must also serve on the student’s examination committee.
Oral Biology Minor (M.S. level)
Credit Requirements: 6 semester credits
Courses: 1) OBio 8030 - Oral Biology Seminar (1 cr)
2) Two advanced Oral Biology courses
Public Health Minor (M.S. level)
Credit Requirements: 8 semester credits
Courses: 1) PubH 6341 - Epidemiologic Methods I (3 cr.)
2) PubH 6414 - Biostatistics I (3 cr)
3) PubH 6102 - Issues in Environmental & Occupational Health (2 cr)
Educational Psychology Minor (M.S. level)
Credit Requirements: 6 semester credits
Courses: Any graduate level courses in EPsy
Gerontology Minor (M.S. level)
Credit Requirements: 8 semester credits
Courses: 1) Gero 5105 - Multidisciplinary Perspectives on Aging (3 cr)
2) Electives in one of four tracks in aging-related courses (5 cr)
Faculty with Graduate Education Responsibilities
MS-Dentistry MS - PhD Oral Biology
1. Anderson, Gary C. 1. Ahmad, Mansur 2. Bakdash, Bashar 2. Aparicio, Conrado 3. Bebeau, Muriel J. 3. Basi, David L. 4. Beiraghi, Soraya M. 4. Beitz, Alvin J. 5. Berthold, Peter 5. Bereiter, David 6. Beyer, John P. 6. Combe, Edward C. 7. Born, David O. 7. Costalonga, Massimo 8. Bowles, Walter R. 8. DeLong, Ralph 9. Brosky, Mary E. 9. Dudek, Arkadiusz Z. 10. Combe, Edward C. 10. Dunny, Gary 11. Conrad, Heather J. 11. Fok, Alex 12. Costalonga, Massimo 12. Frey, William H. 13. De Felippe, Nanci L. 13. Georgopoulos, Apostolos 14. DeLong, Ralph 14. Gopalakrishnan, Rajaram* 15. DiAngelis, Anthony J. 15. Gorr, Sven U. 16. Fricton, James R. 16. Grimes, Shelley 17. Gopalakrishnan, Rajaram 17. Gruenheid, Thorsten 18. Hamamoto, Darryl T 19. Herzberg, Mark C 20. Jardine, Paul J. 21. Hinrichs, James E 21. Jensen, Eric D. 22. Holtan, James R. 22. Mansky, Kim 23. John, Mike T. 23. Mansky, Louis M. 24. Larson, Brent E 24. Petryk, Anna 25. Larson, Thomas D. 25. Ross, Karen F. 26. Look, John O. 26. Rudney, Joel D. 27. Mansky, Kim 27. Simone, Donald A 28. McClanahan, Scott B. 28. Versluis, Antheunis 29. Michalowicz, Bryan S. 29. Versluis, Daranee 30. Miller, James R. 30. Walters, Kylie J. 31. Myers, Sandra L 31. Wolff, Larry F 32. Nixdorf, Donald 32. Zhang, Wei 33. Olin, Paul S. 33. Zhang, Yongshu 34. Osborn, Joy B. 35. Perdigao, Jorge 36. Pintado, M. R. 37. Rhodus, Nelson L. 38. Schiffman, Eric L. 39. Schulte, John K. 40. Seong, Wook-Jin 41. Shuman, Stephen K.* 42. Stoltenberg, Jill L. 43. Swift, James Q. 44. Wolff, Larry F. 45. Zidan, Omar A.
*Director of Graduate Studies