Christine M. Blue, BSDH, MS, DHSc

Associate Professor, Department of Primary Dental Care

Christine M. Blue

Contact Info

Office Address:
9-372 Moos Tower
515 Delaware St. SE
Minneapolis, MN 55455

Associate Professor, Department of Primary Dental Care

Assistant Dean for Faculty Development, School of Dentistry

DHSc, A.T. Still University (Health Sciences), 2012-2015

MS, Old Dominion University (Dental Hygiene), 1979-1980

BS, Old Dominion University (Dental Hygiene), 1978-1979

GDH, University of Minnesota (Dental Hygiene), 1976-1978; Bethel College (Pre-Dental Hygiene), 1975-1976


Dr. Blue is a graduate of the University of Minnesota dental hygiene program. She earned her bachelor’s and master’s degree from Old Dominion University. Dr. Blue recently completed a doctoral degree from A.T. Still University. Dr. Blue has been in dental hygiene education for over 30 years. She began her career as a dental hygiene educator at Normandale Community College. In 1994, she joined the University of Minnesota School of Dentistry faculty and became the Director of the Division in Dental Hygiene in 2005. In 2013, Dr. Blue was promoted to Associate Professor with Tenure. Dr. Blue continues to be active in the classroom, teaching in both undergraduate and graduate dental hygiene students.

Dr. Blue has been very active in the American Dental Education Association serving as the chair of the Section on Dental Hygiene and chair of the Council of Allied Program Directors. Dr. Blue co-led the creation and implementation of dental therapy at the University of Minnesota. She was a member of the Minnesota Oral Practitioner Workgroup that was appointed by the Minnesota legislature to advise the Commissioner of Health on recommendations and legislation pertaining to the training, scope of practice and supervisory levels for dental therapy. Dr. Blue has authored numerous peer-reviewed journal articles on dental therapy in Minnesota. Her area of research continues to be in the area of emerging alternative force models and dental delivery.

Awards & Recognition

  • School of Dentistry, 2015 Paper of the Year Award: Social and Behavioral Sciences & Public Health, 2016
  • School of Dentistry, 2013 Paper of the Year Award: Social and Behavioral Sciences & Public Health, 2014
  • Chair, Council of Allied Program Directors, American Dental Association, 2012
  • Distinguished Dental Hygiene Alumnus, University of Minnesota School of Dentistry, 2008
  • ADEA Allied Dental Faculty Leadership Developmental Program, 2008
  • Michael J. Loupe, Teacher of the Year Award for Excellence and Innovation in Dental Education, 2001
  • Second Place, Instructional Computing in Dentistry Competition, American Dental Education Association, 2001


Research Summary/Interests

Dental Therapy; Oral Health Disparity; Reducing Parental Risk-Related Behaviors of Early Childhood Caries; Periodontal Endoscope 


  • Riggs S, Blue CM, Golden J. The Oral Health Quality of Life for Seniors in Residential Facilities Who Have Direct Access to Care as Compared to Those Without Access. Geriatric Nursing, December 2019, DOI: https://doi.orrg/10.1016/j.gerinurse.201912.004.
  • Christine M. Blue, Michelle C. Arnett, Hiwet Ephrem1, Scott Lunos, Chen Ruoqiongand Robert Jones. Using motivational interviewing to reduce parental risk related behaviors for early childhood caries: a pilot study, BMC Oral Health. 2020,20:90;1-8.
  • Quick KK, Blue CM. Using Situated Learning Theory to Build an Interactive Learning Environment to Foster Dental Students’ Professionalism: An Ignite Project. Journal of Dental Education March 2019, 83 (3) 334-341
  • Sager JJ, Blue CM. Reflective Learning Outcomes of Community-Based Experiences: A Qualitative Study. Journal of Dental Education February 2019, JDE.019.061;
  • Ephrem H, Self K, Blue CM. A New Oral Health Delivery Model: Exploring the Effect of Team-based Care in Clinical Education. Journal of Dental Education 2018,82: 9; 980-988.
  • Self K, Lopez N, Blue CM. Dental School Faculty Attitudes towards Dental Therapy – a Four Year Follow up. Journal of Dental Education, 2017, 81:5; 517-525.
  • Flynn PM, Luthra M, Blue CM. Did Intraprofessional Training with Dental Therapists Affect Dental Students’ Attitudes Toward Caring for the Underserved? Journal of Dental Education 2017,81:2; 162-168.
  • Blue CM, Riggs S. Oral Health Care Delivery Within An Accountable Care Organization. Journal of Evidence Based Dental Practice 2016,16; 52-58.
  • Blue CM, Kaylor MB. Dental Therapy Practice Patterns in Minnesota: A Baseline Study Community Dentistry and Oral epidemiology. 2016,44:5; 1-9.
  • Stull CL, Blue CM. Examining the Influence of Professional Identity Formation on the Attitudes of Students Toward Interprofessional Education. Journal of Interprofessional Care, 2016, 30:1; 90-96.
  • Blue CM, Rockwood T, Riggs S. Minnesota Dentists’ Attitudes Toward the Dental Therapist Workforce Model. Healthcare, 2015, 3:2; 108-113.
  • Blue, CM. Endoscopic vs. Tactile Evaluation of Subgingival Calculus, Journal of Dental Hygiene, 2014, 88:4; 229-236.
  • Poppe K, Osborn J, Lenton P, Blue, CM. Subjective Pain Perception During Calculus Detection With Use of a Periodontal Endoscope, Journal of Dental Hygiene, 2014, 88:2;114- 123.
  • Blue CM, Funkhouser ED, Riggs S, Rindal DB, Worley D, Pihlstrom DJ, Benjamin P, Gilbert G. Utilization of Non-Dentist Providers and Attitudes Toward New Provider Models: Findings from The Dental Practice-Based Research Network.Journal of Public Health Dentistry, June 2013.
  • Blue CM. Cultivating Professional Responsibility in a Dental Hygiene Curriculum. J Dent Educ, August 2013.
  • Blue CM, Lunos SA, Lenton PA, Poppe, KL, Osborn JB. Outcomes of Scaling/Root Planing With and Without Perioscope Technology. Journal of Dental Hygiene 2013,87:3
  • Lopez N, Blue CM, Self K. (2012) Dental School Faculty Perceptions of the New Dental Therapy Model. J Dent Educ2012, 76:4.
  • Blue CM, Lopez N. Socialization to a New Workforce Model: Dental Student Knowledge and Perception of Dental Therapy. J Dent Educ 2011,75:11.
  • Lopez N, Blue CM. Socialization of New Dental Therapist on Entering the Profession. J Dent Educ 2011, 75:5.
  • Blue CM, Isringhausen KT, Sanchez-Dils E. Raising Oral Awareness Among Nephrology Nurses. J Dent Hyg 2011,85:2.
  • Blue CM, Lopez N. Towards Building the Oral Healthcare Workforce: Who Are the New Dental Therapists? J Dental Educ 2011,75:1.
  • Blue CM. Do Dental Hygiene Students Fit the Learning Profile of the Millennial Student? J Dent Educ 2009, 73:12.
  • Jacks ME, Blue CM. Short-and Long Term Effects of Training on Dental Hygiene Faculty Member’s Capacity to Write SOAP Notes. J Dent Educ 2008,72:6.
  • Blue CM. Objective Structured Clinical Exams (OSCE): A Basis for Evaluating Dental Hygiene Students’ Interpersonal Communication Skills. Access 2006, 22:7.
  • Blue CM, Danielson J. Dental Anatomy: A Comparison of Two Teaching Methods. Educ Direc 1985, 10:2:22.
  • Blue CM, Danielson J. A Survey of Dental Anatomy Teaching Methods in Dental Hygiene Programs. Educ Direc 1984, 2:13.

    Books/ Book Chapters:

  • Blue CM. Darby’s Comprehensive Review of Dental Hygiene, 8th edition, 2016, Elsevier, St. Louis, Editor.
  • Blue CM. Chapter 3: Anatomy and Physiology. Mosby’s Comprehensive Review of Dental Hygiene, 7th edition, Mosby Inc, St. Louis, 2010. M. Darby, Editor.
  • Blue CM. Chapter 3: Anatomy and Physiology. Mosby’s Comprehensive Review of Dental Hygiene, 6th edition, Mosby Inc., St. Louis, 2006. M. Darby, Editor.
  • Blue CM. Head and Neck Anatomy for Health Professionals, Unit I: "Osteology of the Skull." A self-instructional CD-ROM module. University of Minnesota, Division of Dental Hygiene.
  • Blue CM. Head and Neck Anatomy for Health Professionals, Unit: II "Muscles." A self-instructional CD-ROM module. University of Minnesota, Division of Dental Hygiene.
  • Blue CM. Head and Neck Anatomy for Health Professionals, Unit III: "Cranial Nerves." A self-instructional CD-ROM module. University of Minnesota, Division of Dental Hygiene.


Teaching Areas

Teaching Responsibilities
DH 5405: Curriculum and Course Design

DH 5411: Administrative Leadership and Professional Development

DH 8779: Thesis IV: Dissemination

Educational Development:

Developed an interactive, self-instructional CD-ROM on Head and Neck Anatomy for dental and dental hygiene students.

Blue CM. Darby's Comprehensive Review of Dental Hygiene, 9th edition, 2021, Elsevier, St. Louis, Editor.


Assistant Dean for Faculty Development

Division of Dental Hygiene